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Higher Education Institutions in Sweden

Higher Education Institutions in Sweden have great autonomy in the structuring of studies, utilisation of resources, and general administration.
Higher Education Institutions in Sweden comprises of the Universities and University Colleges. Most of the universities and university colleges in Sweden are public authorities, while other universities and university colleges are autonomous, i.e. they function on the basis of an agreement with the Government and are required to abide by the legislative acts pertinent to the higher education sector. Besides, there are a few independent organisations, having a degree granting power in the field of Psychotherapy. The higher education institutions come under the legal power of the Ministry of Education, excluding the University of Agricultural Sciences, which falls under the licit power of the Ministry of Agriculture. 

History of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)

Sweden's first university was established in Uppsala in 1477, and the second university was established in Lund in 1668 as the interest in studying medicine and the natural sciences grew. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the major function of the universities was education. Stockholm University, established in 1878 and the University of Gothenburg in 1891 and both concentrated on the teaching of natural sciences. At the start of the twentieth century, specialised institutions, like the teacher training institutes, social work or journalism institutions were established. Between 1940 and 1975, the emphasis was laid on research, and new research organisations were founded during this period. In the second half of the twentieth century, there was a considerable growth of higher education sector in Sweden and the student population grew tremendously. Regional higher education institutions were established throughout Sweden for everyone to gain easy access to higher education. 

Swedish Universities (Universitet)

Swedish universities offer programs across all three cycles, awarding qualifications at basic (Undergraduate), advanced (Master) and doctoral levels.
Universities have degree granting authority at all the three levels of study in Sweden:
  • First cycle- Basic Level (University diplomas and Bachelors' degrees)
  • Second cycle- Advanced Level (One-year and two-year Masters' degrees)
  • Third cycle- Doctoral Level (licentiate and doctoral degrees).
Also, they have a right to handle government funding for research.

Following are the Universities with entitlement to award first, second and third-cycle qualifications: 

Accountable to the Government 
  • Uppsala University
  • Lund University
  • University of Gothenburg
  • Stockholm University
  • Umea University
  • Linkoping University
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Lulea University of Technology
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Karlstad University
  • Linnaeus University
  • Mid Sweden University
  • Orebro University
  • Blekinge Institute of Technology
  • Malmo University
  • Malardalen University
  • The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences
  • University of Boras
  • University of Gavle
  • Halmstad University
  • University of Skovde
  • Sodertorn University
  • University West
Independent Universities
  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • Stockholm School of Economics
  • Jonkoping University

University Colleges in Sweden (Hogskola)

University Colleges are self-governed and autonomous, and generally hold the authority to award undergraduate qualifications (first and second cycles), but must apply to the pertinent bodies in order to be allowed to award qualifications at doctoral levels (third cycle). Programs offered are typically vocationally or professionally oriented. University colleges have degree granting right at the basic and advanced level.
  • First cycle-Basic Level (University diplomas and Bachelors' degrees)
  • Second cycle-Advanced Level (One-year Masters' degrees)
The University Colleges need to apply to the Swedish Higher Education Authority in order to receive the right to award two-year Masters' degrees and third cycle qualifications in specific areas of study.

Following are the University Colleges entitled to award first and second-cycle qualifications: 

Accountable to the Government
  • Swedish National Defence College
  • Dalarna University
  • Kristianstad University
  • Stockholm University of the Arts
  • University College of Arts, Crafts and Design
  • Royal Institute of Art
  • Royal College of Music in Stockholm
Independent University Colleges
  • Beckmans College of Design
  • Ersta Skondal University College
  • Gammelkroppa School of Forestry
  • Johannelund Theological Seminary
  • Newman Institute
  • Sophiahemmet University
  • Stockholm School of Theology
  • The Red Cross University College
  • University College of Music Education in Stockholm
  • Orebro School of Theology
Independent Course Providers
  • Evidens University College
  • Stockholm Academy for Psychotherapy Training
  • The Erica Foundation
  • The Swedish Institute for CBT & Schema Therapy
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